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“Humans will be living and working on Mars in colonies entirely independent of Earth by 2030,” NASA said. “We seek
the capacity for people to work, learn, operate, and sustainably live beyond Earth for extended periods of
time,” says an astronomer studying Mars.
Any journey to Mars will take many months each way and an early return is
not an option. NASA has divided the challenge of getting to Mars into three stages; Earth reliant, proving ground, and
Earth independent. “NASA is closer to sending American astronauts to Mars now than any point in our history,” said
NASA Administrator Charles Bolden.
“Efforts made today and in the next decade will lay the foundation for an Earth
Independent, sustained presence in deep space. Living and working in space requires accepting risk, and the journey is
worth the risk.”
Sarah Knapton. “NASA Planning ‘Earth Independent’ Mars Colony by 2030s”. The Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group Limited 2017, October 9th, 2015, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/03/14/nasa-planning-earth-independent-mars-colony-by-2030s/.